Bird Brooch With Enamel, Silver

No. d\'article:185002
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With the end of the first century AD, the fashion and taste in the roman provinces changed. Coloured decorations became popular, espacially small brooches with coloured enamel inlays complied with the fashion of the time. The enamel production bases on celtic roots and reaches it´s peak with artistic glass melt work in Millefiori technique in the age of the Roman Empire. It had a long tradition primarily in Britain and in the gallic-belgian region.
To produce the enamel, silicate minerals and sand was melted and dyed with metal oxides like cobalt or manganese oxide. The raw glass is crushed to a fine powder and afterwards melted on the metal. In ancient times, the genuine enamel had a melting point of about 680 degrees celsius, today´s industrial enemal colours must be handled at temperatures of about 800 degrees.  At this temperatures the metal is already glowing, leading to major problems, for example the formation of bubbles, oxidation or tension in the glass caused by different expansion coefficients. To avoid this problems, many manufacturers prefer cold enamel, which can be used without heating and is fixed by resin.
Our handcrafted fibula is decorated with real enamel from melted glass. The original is part of a private collection in southern Germany. Brooches in shape of animals and espacially birds are very popular in the Roman Empire. It is likely, that animal brooches had some cultic or protective meaning. Our reproduction is handcrafted from 925 silver with an operative pin.

Picture 2 shows the original.
Literature:
A. Böhme, Die Fibeln der Kastelle Saalburg und Zugmantel. Saalburg-Jahrb. 29, 1972, 5-112


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