Gotland Box Brooch, Bronze

Box brooches were a precious part of the women´s dress at Gotland during the viking age. They were used to close a heavy cloak and sometimes to deposit objects.

6-7 weeks
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Box Brooch from Gotland

At the swedish island of Gotland, about 850 specimen of so-called box brooches from the viking age were found. They were a precious part of the women´s dress and used to close a heavy cloak in height of the collarbone. Sometimes the box brooches were used to deposit objects like coins, wool, organic substances or parts of fabric for unknown purposes. Our replica is a box brooch of tpe 7, which comprise about 50 finds of extraordinary quality. The box brooch is made in 2 parts (body and bottom), while the bottom is highly decorated in animal style (Jellinge / runestone style, model by Thoke Fischer). The gotland box brooch is made by hand from solid bronze, with a modest patina to accentuate the decorations. The pin is also decorated and hardened to assure the full function like it was at the viking age.
The diameter is approx. 60 mm, the height 50 mm, weight approx. 200 g.

Animal Head and Box Brooches - The Viking Age on Gotland

The name "animal-head brooch" is a modern archaeological term referring to the shape of the brooches, which remotely resembles a bear's or bull's head. Around 1750 examples of this type have been found on Gotland, which is exclusively associated with women's costume. They were worn both as couples' brooches and as single brooches.
In contrast to the rest of Scandinavia, Gotland had an independent costume culture with special forms of jewellery and fibulae. While in other places combinations of oval and cloverleaf fibulae are often found, in Gotland the so-called animal-head and box fibulae were preferred. The smaller animal-head brooches took over the function of the oval or turtle brooches, which were often worn in pairs to hold the wearers of an apron dress. The ostentatious box brooch is found in the centre of the neck in richer graves, where it was probably used as a single "solitaire brooch" to close a thicker cloak.


Fibel-Ensemble mit Tierkopffibeln und Dosenfibel im Museum Visby, Gotland

Find situation of a brooch ensemble with animal head brooches and box brooch in the Visby Museum, Gotland.

A total of about 1750 animal-headed fibulae have been discovered on Gotland, of which about 120 come from well-documented skeletal burials. Slightly more than half possessed more than one brooch, most burials had a couple of animal head brooches and a third brooch beside them. In most cases this was a box brooch, but it could also be an animal head brooch of a different type or a stirrup disc brooch. The position of the animal head brooches varies from the height of the collar bones down to the height of the elbow, whereby the animal head brooches were probably worn in most cases at the level of the middle of the upper arm. In most cases, the narrow side of the brooch points diagonally outwards/upwards. The brooch was usually placed on the neck, in a few exceptional cases in the area of the waist or on the belly.

The special Viking costume of Gotland has its origins in the Vendel period between 550 and 800 B.C. The older type of solitaire brooch is the splendid disc brooch as the central ornament of the women's costume. At the beginning of the Viking Age, these magnificent brooches were often decorated with elaborate gold plate inlays and precious stones. As early as the late Vendel period, the likewise very decorative box brooches appeared, whose shape was reminiscent of the attached bow disc of the bow disc brooches. In the course of the Viking Age, the bow-disk brooches disappear completely, and the character of the box brooch also changes from a ceremonial brooch to a simple utility brooch. The animal-headed brooches, on the other hand, can basically be regarded as purely utilitarian brooches, even if a few examples were made of silver or with gilding and were correspondingly expensive.


Tierkopffibeln und Dosenfibel nach Originalen von Gotland

In addition to the actual purpose of fastening clothing, many brooches fulfilled other functions. In the case of animal head brooches, there are often holes arranged in pairs on the base plates, which suggest that the brooches were connected by a chain construction. However, such chains are rarely found in the graves, which may also be due to burial customs.
Now and then, individual animal-head brooches were also equipped with implement chains to which amulets, keys and other objects were attached.
Both animal-headed and tin fibulae are also very suitable as containers. In some cases, coins, wool, threads and organic substances were found inside the fibulae. Practical purposes as well as incurable substances and "magic herbs" are conceivable.


Lena Thunmark-Nylen. Die Wikingerzeit Gotlands, Band I bis IV, Stockholm

More Information
Delivery time 6-7 weeks
weight 0.230000
size 60 x 50 mm
Era Vikings
Material Bronze
Kind of replica Fibulae and Brooches
scope of delivery Delivery in a jewellery case with certificate
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